GODDESS OF FERTILITY AND EARTH

HUASTEC – AZTEC – Veracruz – Mexico

1300 – 1521 A.D.

  • Height  : 101.5 cm
  • Width : 34.2 cm
  • Depth : 20.5 cm

Grey beige calcite.

Sculpture representing Chicomecoatl, goddess of fertility, maize and earth. She is standing, hands along the body, in a hieratic attitude. The mouth is open. The nose is in relief and the nostrils are pierced. The half-moon eyes are deeply hollowed-out. The face is framed by a headgear shaped as a temple going down to the wrists on both sides. The headgear consists of a wide central part decorated with a quadruple bow, two twisted friezes and four aligned rectangles and ends up with palms. On each side, on the front and on the back, a rosette with a pompom holds the sides that frame the face. The hands in relief are represented on the side. She is wearing a long and tight dress with a V-neck which shows her breasts. A belt ornamented with pendants underlines the dress. Circular hole in the middle of the neck.

Chicomecoatl is the goddess of fertility, maize and earth. We recognize the attributes of the Aztec goddess: the headgear shaped as a temple framing the face, which is treated as if it belonged to an emaciated being with gaunt eyes, and the belt. According to the legend, each September, Chicomecoatl would receive the sacrifice of a young girl who was beheaded. The blood which was shed was then poured on a statue of the goddess and the victim’s skin was carried by a priest. This sculpture is an allegory of rebirth and revival after death. This piece was part of monumental art.